switchgrass (#2426)

ID-number#2426
Materialswitchgrass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ switch grass ▸ switchgrass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2003-04-08
Remarksalamo
LiteratureR. Lemus, E.C. Brummer, K.J. Moore, N.E. Molstad, C.L. Burras, M.F. Barker: Biomass yield and quality of 20 switchgrass populations in southern Iowa, Usa. Biomass & bioenergy 23 (2002) 433-442.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 5.20
Volatile matter wt% 81.50 85.97
Fixed carbon wt% 13.30 14.03 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.00 50.63 Average
Hydrogen wt% 5.40 5.70 Average
Nitrogen wt% 0.49 0.52 Average
Sulphur wt% 0.14 0.15 Average
Oxygen wt% 41.70 43.99 Average
Total (with halides) wt% 100.93 100.98 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.40 17.30
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.58 18.54
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.38 19.39 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 38.10 van Soest
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 32.90 van Soest
Lignin wt% (dry) 5.70 Average
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 81.90 Calculated

Ash Properties

Ash composition

Cl wt% (ash) 0.59
P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.70
SiO2 wt% (ash) 55.40
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.36
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.80
CaO wt% (ash) 10.20
MgO wt% (ash) 5.80
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.50
K2O wt% (ash) 10.10