wood, fir, western hemlock (#242)

ID-number#242
Materialwood, fir, western hemlock
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, fir, western hemlock
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
LiteratureS. Gaur and T.B. Reed; An Atlas of Thermal Data For Biomass and Other Fuels. NREL/TP-433-7965, June 1995

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 2.20
Volatile matter wt% 84.80 86.71
Fixed carbon wt% 13.00 13.29 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 50.40 51.53 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.80 5.93 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.10 0.10 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.10 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 41.10 42.02 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 99.70 99.69 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.78 19.21
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.05 20.50
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.88 20.33 Calculated