algae, Chlorella residu after ethanol extraction (#2335)

ID-number#2335
Materialalgae, Chlorella residu after ethanol extraction
Alternative namechlorella residu
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Herb processing industry
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ algae ▸ others ▸ Chlorella residu
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw
Ash type550°C (815°C - 5,92)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2003-03-10
RemarksECN
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 16.12 0.10 ECN CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 64.34 76.70 83.29 0.10 ECN
Ash content at 550°C wt% 6.63 7.91 ECN
Ash content at 815°C wt% 4.97 5.92 0.10 ECN CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 12.91 15.39 16.71 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.56 50.75 55.10 0.10 ECN CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.72 6.82 7.41 0.10 ECN CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 9.74 11.62 12.61 0.10 ECN CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.65 0.77 0.84 0.00 ECN CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 18.79 22.41 24.33 0.10 ECN Measured B.n213
Total (with halides) wt% 100.23 100.28 100.30 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.36 22.36 24.28 ECN
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.00 23.84 25.89 ECN CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.60 22.18 24.08 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 36.1 43.0 46.7 12.5 ECN CEN/TS 15289
Bromine (Br) mg/kg 11.7 14.0 15.2 5.0 ECN Measured B.N203
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 10.9 13.0 14.1 5.0 ECN Measured B.N203

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 9.5 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 5 211.6 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 513.5 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 158.2 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 17.6 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 3 822.7 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 6 076.8 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 13 661.5 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 4.8 ECN CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 12.1 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 24.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 359.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 17.6 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 60.6 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 8.1 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ECN CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 ECN Measured B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 ECN Measured B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ECN Measured B.S221