olive husk (#2316)

ID-number#2316
Materialolive husk
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ olive ▸ olive husk
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2002-08-26
Remarksextractive matter (alcohol/benzen 1/1) 9.4%; cellulose etc. extractive-free
LiteratureDemirbas, A.: Fuel characteristics of olive husk and walnut, hazelnut, sunflower, and almond shells. Energy Sources 24 (2002) 215-221

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 3.30
Volatile matter wt% 63.90 66.08
Fixed carbon wt% 32.80 33.92 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 52.80 54.60 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.70 6.93 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.50 0.52 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.05 Measured
Oxygen wt% 36.70 37.95 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.05 100.05 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.44 20.10
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.90 21.61
HHVMilne MJ/kg 22.35 23.12 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 24.00 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 23.60 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 48.40 Measured
Extractives EtOH/toluene wt% (dry) 9.40 Measured
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 108.70 Calculated

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 0.60
P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.50
SiO2 wt% (ash) 29.40
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 6.30
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 8.40
CaO wt% (ash) 14.50
MgO wt% (ash) 4.20
Na2O wt% (ash) 26.20
K2O wt% (ash) 4.30
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.30