arhar stalks (pigeon pea) (#2308)

Materialarhar stalks (pigeon pea)
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ other plants
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2002-08-06
LiteratureP.V.R. Iyer, T.R. Rao, P.D. Grover, N.P. Singh: Biomass Thermo-chemical Characterization (revised second edition), Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India (1997). Also in: Biomass and Bioenergy 22 (2002) 195-203.


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 1.01

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 38.05 38.44 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.15 6.21 Measured
Oxygen wt% 53.78 54.33 Calculated
Nitrogen wt% 1.01 1.02 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Heating value

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.85 15.00
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.19 16.36
HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.52 14.66 Calculated

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 480