thistle (#2295)

ID-number#2295
Materialthistle
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ other plants ▸ thistle
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2002-08-05
LiteratureF. Suárez-García, A. Martínez-Alonso, M. Fernández Llorente, J.M.D. Tarascon: Inorganic matter characterization in vegetable biomass feedstocks. Fuel 81 (2002) 1161-1169.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.80
Ash content wt% 8.85 9.50
Volatile matter wt% 71.39 76.60 84.64
Fixed carbon wt% 12.95 13.90 15.36 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 37.93 40.70 44.97 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.29 5.68 6.28 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.11 1.19 1.31 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.11 0.12 Measured
Oxygen wt% 43.11 46.25 51.10 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 104.13 104.43 104.90 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.51 15.57 17.21 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 9 320.0 10 000.0 11 049.7 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 930.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 9 600.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 4 400.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 14 000.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 7 700.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 900.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 640.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 100.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 44.0 Measured

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 30.0 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 28.0 Measured

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 120.0 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.70
SiO2 wt% (ash) 17.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.96
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.90
CaO wt% (ash) 20.00
MgO wt% (ash) 3.40
Na2O wt% (ash) 6.30
K2O wt% (ash) 12.00
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.08