olive cake (#2293)

ID-number#2293
Materialolive cake
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ olive ▸ olive cake
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2002-08-05
LiteratureF. Suárez-García, A. Martínez-Alonso, M. Fernández Llorente, J.M.D. Tarascon: Inorganic matter characterization in vegetable biomass feedstocks. Fuel 81 (2002) 1161-1169.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.40
Ash content wt% 10.20 10.90
Volatile matter wt% 66.27 70.80 79.46
Fixed carbon wt% 17.13 18.30 20.54 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.67 52.00 58.36 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.47 6.91 7.76 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.52 1.62 1.82 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.17 0.18 0.20 Measured
Oxygen wt% 27.53 29.41 33.01 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 101.14 101.22 101.37 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 21.53 23.01 25.82 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 872.0 2 000.0 2 244.7 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 2 700.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 9 000.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 830.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 13 000.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 14 000.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 5 100.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 2 300.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 400.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 110.0 Measured

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 47.0 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 29.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 19.0 Measured

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 45.0 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.90
SiO2 wt% (ash) 27.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 3.10
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 4.60
CaO wt% (ash) 17.00
MgO wt% (ash) 7.80
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.00
K2O wt% (ash) 2.00
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.17