wheat straw (Danish) (#2289)

ID-number#2289
Materialwheat straw (Danish)
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw (Danish)
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2002-08-05
LiteratureB.B. Miller, D.R. Dugwell, R. Kandiyoti: Partitioning of trace elements during the combustion of coal and biomass in a suspension-firing reactor. Fuel 81 (2002) 159-171.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.70
Ash content wt% 2.80 3.07

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.63 47.79 49.30 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.40 5.91 6.10 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.62 0.68 0.70 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.13 0.15 0.15 Measured
Oxygen wt% 38.41 42.07 43.40 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 99.92 99.91 99.91 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.30 18.95 19.55 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 300.9 2 520.2 2 600.0 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 219.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 9 750.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 110.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 970.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 438.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 219.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 77.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.1
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 2.7 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.5 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 22.3 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 2.9 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 33.8 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.2
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Measured