spruce wood and bark (#2288)

ID-number#2288
Materialspruce wood and bark
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [132] naaldhout met schors
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2002-08-05
Remarksmixture of wood and bark from de-barking stage at a pulp and paper plant
LiteratureB.B. Miller, D.R. Dugwell, R. Kandiyoti: Partitioning of trace elements during the combustion of coal and biomass in a suspension-firing reactor. Fuel 81 (2002) 159-171.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 3.00
Ash content wt% 6.90 7.11

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.84 49.32 53.10 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.41 5.57 6.00 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.45 0.46 0.50 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.07 0.07 Measured
Oxygen wt% 36.31 37.43 40.30 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 99.98 99.98 99.98 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.96 19.54 21.04 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 90.1 92.9 100.0 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 3 090.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 2 370.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 444.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 8 250.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 825.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 1 546.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 41.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 26.8 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 90.0 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 427.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 10.3 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.2 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 2.9 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 155.0 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.8
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Measured