pine cone (#2270)

Materialpine cone
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2002-08-02
Remarksextractives 7.3%; composition and heating value char in ID 2271
LiteratureA. Lucchesi, G. Maschio, Study on the pyrolysis of agricultural wastes, p.289-296 in Energy from Biomass, Proceedings EC Contractors meeting June 1983.


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.00
Ash content wt% 0.80 0.80

Ultimate Analysis

Total (with halides) wt% 0.80 0.80 0.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 21.03 21.03 21.20

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 35.10 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 13.80 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 43.00 Measured
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 92.70 Calculated