wood, spruce (#2220)

ID-number#2220
Materialwood, spruce
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-11-26
Remarksmoisture: ASTM E 790-87; ash: ASTM E 830-87; HHV:ASTM D 3286-73; volatiles: ASTM E 897-88
LiteratureL.Sørum, M.G.Grønli and J.E.Hustad: Pyrolysis characteristics and kinetics of municipal solid wastes. Fuel 80 pp. 1217-1227 (2001).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 0.20
Volatile matter wt% 89.60 89.78
Fixed carbon wt% 10.20 10.22 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.31 47.40 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.29 6.30 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.07 0.07 Measured
Oxygen wt% 46.11 46.20 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 99.97 99.97 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.93 17.96
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.30 19.34
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.90 18.94 Calculated