wood, beech chips, Rettenmayer (#2215)

ID-number#2215
Materialwood, beech chips, Rettenmayer
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ beech
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [120] loofhout ▸ [125] hard loofhout
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-11-26
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.20
Ash content wt% 0.93 1.04
Volatile matter wt% 74.53 83.00 83.87
Fixed carbon wt% 14.33 15.96 16.13 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.82 48.80 49.31 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.39 6.00 6.06 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.13 0.14 0.14 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 0.02 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.96 44.50 44.97 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.45 100.50 100.51 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.70 17.76 17.95
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.13 19.07 19.27
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.24 19.20 19.40 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 44.9 50.0 50.5 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg (dry) 5.0

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 48.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 173.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 13.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 2 707.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 168.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 365.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 27.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 88.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.8
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 24.0 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 0.5
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 51.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.9
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 5.2
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.1
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 2.8 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.8
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 Measured
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.6
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 4.4 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 3.7 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.8