olive residue (#2177)

ID-number#2177
Materialolive residue
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ olive ▸ olive residue
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
Ash type550 C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-10-23
Remarksorujillo, produced and collected in Andalusia, Spain, sample 2
LiteratureP.Garcia-Ibanez, A.Cabanillas and P.L.Garcia-Ybarra: A pilot scale circulating fluidized bed plant for Orujillo gasification. In: Conference held in Tyrol (Austria), 17-22 September 2000 (Ed. A.V.Bridgwater), pp. 209-220 (2000).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 11.70
Ash content wt% 7.51 8.50
Volatile matter wt% 65.70 74.40 81.31
Fixed carbon wt% 15.10 17.10 18.69 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.58 48.22 52.70 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.74 6.50 7.10 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.29 1.46 1.60 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.06 0.07 Measured
Oxygen wt% 30.83 34.92 38.16 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.65 19.18 20.96
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.19 20.60 22.51
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.15 20.55 22.46 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 989.4 3 385.5 3 700.0 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 23 500.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 750.0 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.45
SiO2 wt% (ash) 16.72
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 2.37
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.89
CaO wt% (ash) 8.01
MgO wt% (ash) 12.86
Na2O wt% (ash) 2.08
K2O wt% (ash) 24.73