olive residue (#2176)

ID-number#2176
Materialolive residue
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ olive ▸ olive residue
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
Ash type550C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-10-23
Remarksorujillo, produced and collected in Andalusia, Spain, sample 1
LiteratureP.Garcia-Ibanez, A.Cabanillas and P.L.Garcia-Ybarra: A pilot scale circulating fluidized bed plant for Orujillo gasification. In: Conference held in Tyrol (Austria), 17-22 September 2000 (Ed. A.V.Bridgwater), pp. 209-220 (2000).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 13.90
Ash content wt% 13.95 16.20
Volatile matter wt% 55.62 64.60 77.09
Fixed carbon wt% 16.53 19.20 22.91 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 34.13 39.64 47.30 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.33 5.03 6.00 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.37 1.59 1.90 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.08 0.09 Measured
Oxygen wt% 32.00 37.17 44.35 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.73 17.50 20.89
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.01 18.60 22.20
HHVMilne MJ/kg 13.18 15.31 18.27 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 597.5 3 016.8 3 600.0 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 34 200.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 690.0 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 3.70
SiO2 wt% (ash) 33.10
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 2.32
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 4.29
CaO wt% (ash) 6.49
MgO wt% (ash) 6.21
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.47
K2O wt% (ash) 20.06