wood, white fir (#2134)

ID-number#2134
Materialwood, white fir
Descriptionchips
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, white fir
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Sample lot size80% smaller than 2 mm
Ash type600°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-10
LiteratureB.M. Jenkins, M. Kayhanian, L.L. Baxter, D. Salours: Combustion of residual biosolids from a high solids anaerobic digestion/aerobic composting process. Biomass and Bioenergy 12 (1997) 367-381.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.53
Ash content wt% 0.45 0.50
Volatile matter wt% 75.71 83.69 84.11
Fixed carbon wt% 14.30 15.81 15.89 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.89 50.72 50.97 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.42 5.99 6.02 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.27 0.30 0.30 Measured
Sulphur wt% (dry) 0.01
Oxygen wt% 38.44 42.49 42.70 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.38 18.36 18.46
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.80 19.67 19.77
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.16 20.07 20.17 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg (dry) 100.0

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 11.20
P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.86
SiO2 wt% (ash) 12.26
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 4.24
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.83
CaO wt% (ash) 37.08
MgO wt% (ash) 5.86
Na2O wt% (ash) 3.16
K2O wt% (ash) 17.00