straw, winter rape (#2128)

Materialstraw, winter rape
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ rape
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-10
RemarksSi, Ca, K, Cl average of 10 samples; (hemi)cellulose and lignin average of two samples
LiteratureB. Sander: Fuel data for Danish biofuels and improvement of the quality of straw and whole crops. Biomass for energy and environment. Proc. 9th Eur. bioenergy conf. (Eds. P.Chartier et al.), pp.490-495, Pergamon (1996). + Biomass&Bioenergy 12(1997)177-183


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Total (with halides) wt% 0.35 Calculated


Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 500.0 Measured

Trace elements composition

Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 11 600.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 7 800.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 400.0 Measured

Biochemical analysis

Cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin

Cellulose wt% (dry) 45.00 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 19.00 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 18.00 Average


Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 82.00 Calculated