reed canary grass, extreme (#2127)

Materialreed canary grass, extreme
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed canary grass, extreme
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-10
RemarksDelayed (spring) harvest from humus rich sand soil. Lowest ash content from 14 sites in Sweden. Average values in ID 2124.
LiteratureBurvall,J.: Influence of harvest time and soil type on fuel quality in reed canary grass (phalaris arundinacea l.). Biomass and Bioenergy 12 (1997) 149-154.


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 2.20

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Nitrogen wt% 0.60 0.61 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.10 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 2.95 0.77 Calculated


Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 500.0 511.2 Measured

Heating value

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.30 19.73

Trace elements composition

Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 500.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 200.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 400.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 5 600.0 Measured

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 220