reed canary grass, extreme (#2125)

Materialreed canary grass, extreme
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed canary grass, extreme
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-10
RemarksDelayed (spring) harvest from clay soil. Highest ash content from 14 sites in Sweden. Average values in ID 2124.
LiteratureBurvall,J.: Influence of harvest time and soil type on fuel quality in reed canary grass (phalaris arundinacea l.). Biomass and Bioenergy 12 (1997) 149-154.


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 10.10

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Nitrogen wt% 1.30 1.45 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.11 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 11.60 1.67 Calculated


Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 000.0 1 112.3 Measured

Heating value

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.60 18.46

Trace elements composition

Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 700.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 000.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 60.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 32 000.0 Measured

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 540