reed canary grass (#2124)

ID-number#2124
Materialreed canary grass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed canary grass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-10
RemarksAverage over 14 sites in Sweden, delayed (spring) harvest. Data on summer harvest in ID 2123. Data on extremes for ash in ID 2125 and 2127.
LiteratureBurvall,J.: Influence of harvest time and soil type on fuel quality in reed canary grass (phalaris arundinacea l.). Biomass and Bioenergy 12 (1997) 149-154.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 5.60
Volatile matter wt% 74.00 78.39
Fixed carbon wt% 20.40 21.61 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.00 48.73 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.50 5.83 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.88 0.93 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.09 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 41.84 44.32 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.60 18.64
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.80 19.92
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.76 18.81 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 900.0 953.4 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 2 700.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 200.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 2 000.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 18 500.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 500.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 100.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 2.1 Measured
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 404