reed canary grass (#2123)

ID-number#2123
Materialreed canary grass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed canary grass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-10
RemarksAverage over 14 sites in Sweden, summer harvest. Data on delayed (spring) harvest in ID 2124. Ash data from thesis S. Paulrud (2004) ISBN 91-576-6459-5
LiteratureBurvall,J.: Influence of harvest time and soil type on fuel quality in reed canary grass (phalaris arundinacea l.). Biomass and Bioenergy 12 (1997) 149-154.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 6.40
Volatile matter wt% 71.00 75.85
Fixed carbon wt% 22.60 24.15 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.00 49.15 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.70 6.09 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.33 1.42 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.17 0.18 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.84 42.56 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.90 19.12
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.14 20.45
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.20 19.45 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 5 600.0 5 982.9 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 12 300.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 200.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 500.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 12 000.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 300.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 700.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 Measured
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 074

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 6.10
SiO2 wt% (ash) 40.10
CaO wt% (ash) 7.70
MgO wt% (ash) 3.40
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.40
K2O wt% (ash) 23.20