charcoal from Gmelina arborea (#2120)

Materialcharcoal from Gmelina arborea
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ Wood
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [804] brandstof na carbonisatie
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-10
RemarksTropical hardwood from plantation in Nigeria. Carbonized at 350°C. Data for wood in ID 2119. Analyses and HHV of limited accuracy.
LiteratureJ.A. Fuwape, S.O. Akindele: Biomass yield and energy value of some fast-growing multipurpose trees in Nigeria. Biomass and Bioenergy 12 (1997) 101-106.


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 2.90
Volatile matter wt% 60.00 61.79
Fixed carbon wt% 37.10 38.21 Calculated

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 76.00 78.27 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.40 5.56 Measured
Oxygen wt% 15.00 15.45 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.80 0.82 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.38 0.39 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.48 100.49 Calculated

Heating value

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 32.24 33.20
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 33.42 34.42
HHVMilne MJ/kg 31.14 32.07 Calculated

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (daf) kg/m³ (daf) 340