wood, Gmelina arborea (#2119)

ID-number#2119
Materialwood, Gmelina arborea
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ tropical hard wood ▸ wood, Gmelina arborea
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [120] loofhout ▸ [125] hard loofhout
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-10
RemarksWood from plantation in Nigeria. Charcoal yield 39.8% at 350°C. Data on charcoal in ID 2120. Analyses and HHV of limited accuracy.
LiteratureJ.A. Fuwape, S.O. Akindele: Biomass yield and energy value of some fast-growing multipurpose trees in Nigeria. Biomass and Bioenergy 12 (1997) 101-106.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 25.60
Ash content wt% 0.73 0.98
Volatile matter wt% 61.75 83.00 83.82
Fixed carbon wt% 11.92 16.02 16.18 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 34.22 46.00 46.46 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.46 6.00 6.06 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.52 0.70 0.71 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.14 0.19 0.19 Measured
Oxygen wt% 34.22 46.00 46.46 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 99.90 99.87 99.87 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 13.77 19.35 19.54
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.37 20.66 20.86
HHVMilne MJ/kg 13.40 18.01 18.19 Calculated

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 500