charcoal (#2111)

ID-number#2111
Materialcharcoal
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ Wood
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [804] brandstof na carbonisatie
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-06
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.89
Ash content wt% 19.27 20.92
Volatile matter wt% 29.73 32.28 40.82
Fixed carbon wt% 43.11 46.80 59.18 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 51.95 56.40 71.32 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 2.38 2.58 3.26 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.61 0.66 0.83 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.51 0.55 0.70 Measured
Oxygen wt% 17.40 18.89 23.89 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.01 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.82 19.56 24.73
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.53 20.12 25.44
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.50 20.08 25.39 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 36.8 40.0 50.6 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 269
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 273
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 275
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 281

American standard method, measured in reducing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 292
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 305
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 309
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 315

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 6.51
P2O5 wt% (ash) 0.39
SiO2 wt% (ash) 36.42
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 4.43
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 7.33
CaO wt% (ash) 35.47
MgO wt% (ash) 1.65
Na2O wt% (ash) 5.37
K2O wt% (ash) 0.60
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.81