sunflower seed hull (#2080)

Materialsunflower seed hull
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ sunflower
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [239] overige doppen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-05
Remarksfrom Southern Hungary (Hungaro-Sol Co), charcoal yield 34.9% at 1 MPa, fixed-C yield 27.5%
LiteratureAntal,M.J., Allen,S.G., Dai,X, Shimizu,B., Tam,M.S. and Grønli: Attainment of the theoretical yield of carbon from biomass. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 39 (2000) 4024-4031


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 1.62

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 50.37 51.20 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.62 5.71 Measured
Oxygen wt% 42.64 43.34 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.33 0.34 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.05 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.63 100.64 Calculated

Heating value

HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.43 19.75 Calculated

Biochemical analysis

Cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin

Cellulose wt% (dry) 26.70 Sugar Analysis
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 18.40 Sugar Analysis
Lignin wt% (dry) 27.00 Measured

Lignin analysis

Acid insoluble lignin (Klason) (AIL) wt% (dry) 27.00 Measured



Arabinan wt% (dry) 0.00
Xylan wt% (dry) 19.40
Sum C5 wt% (dry) 19.40 Calculated


Mannan wt% (dry) 0.00
Galactan wt% (dry) 1.60
Glucan wt% (dry) 29.70
Sum C6 wt% (dry) 31.30 Calculated
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 73.72 Calculated