wood, spruce (#2079)

ID-number#2079
Materialwood, spruce
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-05
Remarkscharcoal yield 37.5% at 1 MPa, fixed-C yield 28.8%
LiteratureAntal,M.J., Allen,S.G., Dai,X, Shimizu,B., Tam,M.S. and Grønli: Attainment of the theoretical yield of carbon from biomass. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 39 (2000) 4024-4031

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 0.30

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.91 49.06 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.02 6.04 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.12 0.12 Measured
Sulphur wt% (dry) 0.05
Oxygen wt% 44.65 44.78 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.26 19.32 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 41.10 Sugar Analysis
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 20.90 Sugar Analysis
Lignin wt% (dry) 28.00 Measured
Lignin acid insoluble (AIL) wt% (dry) 28.00 Measured

C5

Arabinan wt% (dry) 0.00
Xylan wt% (dry) 5.90
Sum C5 wt% (dry) 5.90 Calculated

C6

Mannan wt% (dry) 14.40
Galactan wt% (dry) 3.00
Glucan wt% (dry) 45.70
Sum C6 wt% (dry) 63.10 Calculated
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 90.30 Calculated