oat hull (#2075)

ID-number#2075
Materialoat hull
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-05
Remarkscharcoal yield 40.2% at 1 MPa, fixed-C yield 26.3%
LiteratureAntal,M.J., Allen,S.G., Dai,X, Shimizu,B., Tam,M.S. and Grønli: Attainment of the theoretical yield of carbon from biomass. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 39 (2000) 4024-4031

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 4.91

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.00 48.38 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.91 6.22 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.13 1.19 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.15 0.16 Measured
Oxygen wt% 43.49 45.74 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 101.59 101.67 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.08 19.02 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 48.40 Sugar Analysis
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 16.10 Sugar Analysis
Lignin wt% (dry) 16.20 Measured
Lignin acid insoluble (AIL) wt% (dry) 16.20 Measured

C5

Arabinan wt% (dry) 1.30
Xylan wt% (dry) 17.00
Sum C5 wt% (dry) 18.30 Calculated

C6

Mannan wt% (dry) 0.00
Galactan wt% (dry) 0.00
Glucan wt% (dry) 53.80
Sum C6 wt% (dry) 53.80 Calculated
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 85.61 Calculated