macadamia nut shell (#2073)

ID-number#2073
Materialmacadamia nut shell
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [239] overige doppen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-05
Remarkscharcoal yield 50.8% at 1 MPa, fixed-C yield 35.9%
LiteratureAntal,M.J., Allen,S.G., Dai,X, Shimizu,B., Tam,M.S. and Grønli: Attainment of the theoretical yield of carbon from biomass. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 39 (2000) 4024-4031

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 0.41

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 58.30 58.54 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 8.12 8.15 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.36 0.36 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 Measured
Oxygen wt% 32.77 32.90 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 26.64 26.75 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 26.90 Sugar Analysis
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 17.80 Sugar Analysis
Lignin wt% (dry) 40.10 Measured
Lignin acid insoluble (AIL) wt% (dry) 40.10 Measured

C5

Arabinan wt% (dry) 0.00
Xylan wt% (dry) 20.20
Sum C5 wt% (dry) 20.20 Calculated

C6

Mannan wt% (dry) 0.00
Galactan wt% (dry) 0.00
Glucan wt% (dry) 29.90
Sum C6 wt% (dry) 29.90 Calculated
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 85.21 Calculated