kukui nut shell (#2071)

ID-number#2071
Materialkukui nut shell
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [239] overige doppen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-05
Remarkscharcoal yield 58.6% at 1 MPa, fixed-C yield 41.4%
LiteratureAntal,M.J., Allen,S.G., Dai,X, Shimizu,B., Tam,M.S. and Grønli: Attainment of the theoretical yield of carbon from biomass. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 39 (2000) 4024-4031

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 1.45

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 55.76 56.58 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.60 5.68 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.34 0.35 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.03 Measured
Oxygen wt% 37.99 38.55 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 101.17 101.19 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 21.80 22.12 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 14.60 Sugar Analysis
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 12.30 Sugar Analysis
Lignin wt% (dry) 60.10 Measured
Lignin acid insoluble (AIL) wt% (dry) 60.10 Measured

C5

Arabinan wt% (dry) 0.00
Xylan wt% (dry) 14.00
Sum C5 wt% (dry) 14.00 Calculated

C6

Mannan wt% (dry) 0.00
Galactan wt% (dry) 0.00
Glucan wt% (dry) 16.20
Sum C6 wt% (dry) 16.20 Calculated
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 88.45 Calculated