reed canary grass (#2062)

ID-number#2062
Materialreed canary grass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed canary grass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-04
Remarksspring-harvested material from humus-rich (13% DM) clayey sand, pressed into briquettes. See also ID 2058-2061.
LiteraturePaulrud,S; Nilsson,C: Briquetting and combustion of spring-harvested reed canary-grass: effect of fuel composition; Biomass & Bioenergy 20 (2001) 25-35

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.20
Ash content wt% 2.85 3.10
Volatile matter wt% 74.36 81.00 83.59
Fixed carbon wt% 14.60 15.90 16.41 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.23 46.00 47.47 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.42 5.90 6.09 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.55 0.60 0.62 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.08 0.08 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.30 43.90 45.30 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 99.65 99.62 99.61 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.92 16.47 17.00
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.30 17.76 18.32
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.62 18.11 18.68 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 367.2 400.0 412.8 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 150
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 260
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 360
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 370

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.80
SiO2 wt% (ash) 62.90
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.90
CaO wt% (ash) 9.00
MgO wt% (ash) 3.20
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.40
K2O wt% (ash) 7.10