reed canary grass (#2061)

ID-number#2061
Materialreed canary grass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed canary grass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Ash typeash deformation temperatures above 1650°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-04
Remarksspring-harvested material from silty clay with medium humus (5% DM), pressed into briquettes. See also ID 2058-2060, 2062.
LiteraturePaulrud,S; Nilsson,C: Briquetting and combustion of spring-harvested reed canary-grass: effect of fuel composition; Biomass & Bioenergy 20 (2001) 25-35

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.50
Ash content wt% 8.42 9.10
Volatile matter wt% 70.30 76.00 83.61
Fixed carbon wt% 13.78 14.90 16.39 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.70 44.00 48.40 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.90 5.30 5.83 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.37 0.40 0.44 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.07 0.08 Measured
Oxygen wt% 37.65 40.70 44.77 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 99.63 99.60 99.56 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.15 15.49 17.04
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.40 16.65 18.32
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.69 16.96 18.65 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 277.5 300.0 330.0 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.80
SiO2 wt% (ash) 89.30
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.20
CaO wt% (ash) 2.00
MgO wt% (ash) 0.90
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.10
K2O wt% (ash) 2.00