reed canary grass, leaves (#2060)

ID-number#2060
Materialreed canary grass, leaves
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-04
Remarksspring-harvested material from clayey silt with low humus (2% DM), pressed into briquettes. Data for stems with leaves in ID 2058 and for stems in ID 2059. See also ID 2061, 2062.
LiteraturePaulrud,S; Nilsson,C: Briquetting and combustion of spring-harvested reed canary-grass: effect of fuel composition; Biomass & Bioenergy 20 (2001) 25-35

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.90
Ash content wt% 9.09 10.20
Volatile matter wt% 65.93 74.00 82.41
Fixed carbon wt% 14.08 15.80 17.59 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 39.20 44.00 49.00 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.72 5.30 5.90 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.45 0.50 0.56 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.08 0.09 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 35.55 39.90 44.43 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.03 100.03 100.03 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 13.30 15.23 16.96
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 14.60 16.39 18.25
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.17 17.03 18.96 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 356.4 400.0 445.4 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 570
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 580
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 630
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 650

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.60
SiO2 wt% (ash) 81.90
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.70
CaO wt% (ash) 3.10
MgO wt% (ash) 1.30
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.40
K2O wt% (ash) 3.20