reed canary grass (#2058)

ID-number#2058
Materialreed canary grass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed canary grass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Ash typeash deformation temperatures HT and FT above 1650°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-04-04
Remarksspring-harvested material from clayey silt with low humus (2% DM), pressed into briquettes. Data for stems in ID 2059 and for leaves in ID 2060. See also ID 2061, 2062.
LiteraturePaulrud,S; Nilsson,C: Briquetting and combustion of spring-harvested reed canary-grass: effect of fuel composition; Biomass & Bioenergy 20 (2001) 25-35

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.20
Ash content wt% 6.87 7.40
Volatile matter wt% 71.46 77.00 83.15
Fixed carbon wt% 14.48 15.60 16.85 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.76 45.00 48.60 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.01 5.40 5.83 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.28 0.30 0.32 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.07 0.08 Measured
Oxygen wt% 38.51 41.50 44.82 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 99.73 99.71 99.69 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.53 15.85 17.11
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.80 17.03 18.39
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.12 17.37 18.76 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 371.2 400.0 432.0 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 630
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 640

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.80
SiO2 wt% (ash) 86.80
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.50
CaO wt% (ash) 2.40
MgO wt% (ash) 1.10
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.80
K2O wt% (ash) 3.20