switchgrass (#2032)

ID-number#2032
Materialswitchgrass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ switch grass ▸ switchgrass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-26
RemarksHHV recalculated from value in Btu/lb
LiteratureTillman,D.A.: Biomass cofiring: The technology, the experience, the combustion consequences; Biomass and Bioenergy 19 (2000) 365-384

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 15.00
Ash content wt% 7.63 8.98
Volatile matter wt% 65.19 76.69 84.26
Fixed carbon wt% 12.18 14.33 15.74 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 39.68 46.68 51.29 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.95 5.82 6.40 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.65 0.76 0.84 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.16 0.19 0.21 Measured
Oxygen wt% 31.77 37.38 41.06 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 99.84 99.82 99.80 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 13.90 16.79 18.44
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.35 18.06 19.84
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.09 18.93 20.80 Calculated