lignin from softwood (#2000)

ID-number#2000
Materiallignin from softwood
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [150] verwerkt hout ▸ [190] hout uit verwerking ▸ [199] overig hout uit verwerking
Sample lot size24.2 m.% smaller than 200 mesh (74 mum)
Ash typecalcined at 600°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-23
Remarkswhole tree waste
LiteratureBlunk,S.L; Jenkins,B.M.; Kadam,K.L.: Combustion properties of lignin residue from lignocellulose fermentation; Proc. 4th biomass conference of the Americas, p.1385-1391

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 75.30
Ash content wt% 0.15 0.62
Volatile matter wt% 18.07 73.14 73.60
Fixed carbon wt% 6.48 26.24 26.40 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 15.36 62.17 62.56 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 1.45 5.89 5.93 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.04 0.15 0.15 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.06 0.06 Measured
Oxygen wt% 7.68 31.11 31.30 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 3.65 22.21 22.35
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 5.80 23.50 23.65
HHVMilne MJ/kg 6.23 25.23 25.39 Calculated

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 120
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 190
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 220
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 260

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (daf) kg/m³ (daf) 329

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 3.37
SO3 wt% (ash) 11.00
P2O5 wt% (ash) 0.01
SiO2 wt% (ash) 47.02
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 2.19
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 10.18
CaO wt% (ash) 9.20
MgO wt% (ash) 1.92
Na2O wt% (ash) 5.87
K2O wt% (ash) 1.90
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.41