lignin from poplar (#1999)

ID-number#1999
Materiallignin from poplar
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [150] verwerkt hout ▸ [190] hout uit verwerking ▸ [199] overig hout uit verwerking
Sample lot size19.7 m.% smaller than 200 mesh (74 mum)
Ash typecalcined at 600°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-23
LiteratureBlunk,S.L; Jenkins,B.M.; Kadam,K.L.: Combustion properties of lignin residue from lignocellulose fermentation; Proc. 4th biomass conference of the Americas, p.1385-1391

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 72.50
Ash content wt% 0.94 3.40
Volatile matter wt% 20.51 74.57 77.19
Fixed carbon wt% 6.06 22.03 22.81 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 14.08 51.20 53.00 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 1.57 5.70 5.90 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.29 1.07 1.11 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.24 0.25 Measured
Oxygen wt% 10.56 38.39 39.74 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.01 100.04 100.04 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 3.79 20.21 20.92
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 5.90 21.45 22.20
HHVMilne MJ/kg 5.56 20.23 20.94 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 110.0 400.0 414.1 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 100
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 210
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 240
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 330

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (daf) kg/m³ (daf) 123

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 0.52
SO3 wt% (ash) 10.90
Cl wt% (ash) 0.01
P2O5 wt% (ash) 21.19
SiO2 wt% (ash) 16.59
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.68
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 3.15
CaO wt% (ash) 16.90
MgO wt% (ash) 3.33
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.40
K2O wt% (ash) 25.60
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.17