reed canary grass (#1994)

ID-number#1994
Materialreed canary grass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed canary grass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Ash typeSwedish ash standard Biobränslen-Bestämning av askhalt SS 18 71 71
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-23
LiteratureHallgren,A.L.; Engvall,K.; Skrifvars,B.-J.: Ash-induced operational difficulties in fluidised bed firing of biofuels and waste; Proc. 4th biomass conference of the Americas, p.1365-1370

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.20
Ash content wt% 6.79 7.40
Volatile matter wt% 69.68 75.90 81.97
Fixed carbon wt% 15.33 16.70 18.03 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.85 44.50 48.06 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.32 5.80 6.26 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.64 0.70 0.76 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.09 0.10 0.11 Measured
Oxygen wt% 37.73 41.10 44.38 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 99.63 99.60 99.57 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.45 18.13 19.58
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.81 19.40 20.95
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.27 17.73 19.14 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg (dry) 500.0

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SiO2 wt% (ash) 37.20
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.20
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.20
CaO wt% (ash) 3.80
MgO wt% (ash) 0.60
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.05
K2O wt% (ash) 2.50