miscanthus, high K (#1991)

ID-number#1991
Materialmiscanthus, high K
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Ash typeSwedish ash standard Biobränslen-Bestämning av askhalt SS 18 71 71
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-23
LiteratureHallgren,A.L.; Engvall,K.; Skrifvars,B.-J.: Ash-induced operational difficulties in fluidised bed firing of biofuels and waste; Proc. 4th biomass conference of the Americas, p.1365-1370

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.80
Ash content wt% 1.35 1.50
Volatile matter wt% 74.32 82.40 83.65
Fixed carbon wt% 14.52 16.10 16.35 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.39 48.10 48.83 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.23 5.80 5.89 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.27 0.30 0.30 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.09 0.10 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 37.79 41.90 42.54 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 98.07 97.86 97.83 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.95 16.83 17.09
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.33 18.10 18.38
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.13 18.99 19.28 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 443.2 1 600.0 1 624.4 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 6.20
SiO2 wt% (ash) 26.30
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.80
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.20
CaO wt% (ash) 6.30
MgO wt% (ash) 4.30
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.20
K2O wt% (ash) 22.30