switchgrass (#1972)

ID-number#1972
Materialswitchgrass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ switch grass ▸ switchgrass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-21
LiteratureSmeenk,J.; Brown,R.C.; Eckels,D.: Determination of vapor phase alkali content during biomass gasification; Proc. 4th biomass conference of the Americas, p.961-967

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 11.90
Ash content wt% 3.88 4.40
Volatile matter wt% 61.41 69.70 72.91
Fixed carbon wt% 22.82 25.90 27.09 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 38.06 43.20 45.19 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.76 5.40 5.65 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.44 0.50 0.52 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.00 0.00 0.00 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.97 46.50 48.64 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.03 100.04 100.04 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.24 16.17 16.91 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 311.9 354.0 370.3 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 400.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 33.0 Measured