olive kernels, fraction > 1mm, leached (#1970)

ID-number#1970
Materialolive kernels, fraction > 1mm, leached
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ olive
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-21
Remarksash does not sinter between 750°C and 900°C
LiteratureKoukios,E.G.; Arvelakis,S.; Georgali,B.: Physico-chemical upgrading of agroresidues as solid biofuels; Proc. 4th biomass conference of the Americas, p.299-304

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.33
Ash content wt% 1.39 1.53
Volatile matter wt% 73.30 80.84 82.10
Fixed carbon wt% 15.99 17.63 17.90 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.05 54.10 54.94 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.42 5.98 6.07 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.00 1.10 1.12 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.20 0.22 0.22 Measured
Oxygen wt% 33.64 37.10 37.68 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.03 100.03 100.03 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.82 19.91 20.21
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.23 21.21 21.54
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.73 21.76 22.10 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 0.20
Cl wt% (ash) 0.00
SiO2 wt% (ash) 22.72
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 3.70
CaO wt% (ash) 22.89
MgO wt% (ash) 2.54
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.44
K2O wt% (ash) 5.89