olive kernels, fraction > 1mm (#1969)

ID-number#1969
Materialolive kernels, fraction > 1mm
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ olive
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-21
RemarksCl calculated from ash (assuming Cl in biomass/Cl in ash = 3, like ID 1764); ash sintering starts at 750°C, fully fused at 900°C
LiteratureKoukios,E.G.; Arvelakis,S.; Georgali,B.: Physico-chemical upgrading of agroresidues as solid biofuels; Proc. 4th biomass conference of the Americas, p.299-304

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.76
Ash content wt% 2.35 2.58
Volatile matter wt% 71.08 77.90 79.96
Fixed carbon wt% 17.81 19.52 20.04 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.82 51.31 52.67 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.31 5.82 5.97 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.91 1.00 1.03 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.26 0.28 0.29 Measured
Oxygen wt% 35.54 38.95 39.98 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.05 100.05 100.05 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.73 18.57 19.06
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.10 19.84 20.37
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.59 20.38 20.92 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 003.6 1 100.0 1 129.1 Calculated

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 0.68
Cl wt% (ash) 1.42
SiO2 wt% (ash) 18.86
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.52
CaO wt% (ash) 9.79
MgO wt% (ash) 3.32
Na2O wt% (ash) 3.94
K2O wt% (ash) 41.82