olive residue, leached (#1968)

ID-number#1968
Materialolive residue, leached
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ olive
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-21
RemarksAsh composition from Arvelakis et al., Biomass and Bioenergy 22 (2002) 55-69.
LiteratureArvelakis,S.; Gehrmann,H.;Beckman,M.; Koukios,E.G.: Effect of leaching on the ash behaviour of olive residue during fluidised bed gasification. Proc. 5th Eur. Conf. on Industrial Furnaces&Boilers 2000,vol.2,p.163-172.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.83
Ash content wt% 2.24 2.43
Volatile matter wt% 72.17 78.30 80.25
Fixed carbon wt% 17.76 19.27 19.75 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.82 54.05 55.40 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.35 5.80 5.94 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.75 1.90 1.95 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.28 0.30 0.31 Measured
Oxygen wt% 32.70 35.48 36.36 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.80 19.52 20.01
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.16 20.79 21.31
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.91 21.60 22.14 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 368.7 400.0 410.0 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 3.29
Cl wt% (ash) 0.03
SiO2 wt% (ash) 43.57
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 2.40
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.62
CaO wt% (ash) 23.38
MgO wt% (ash) 1.12
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.05
K2O wt% (ash) 4.90
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.14