wheat straw, leached fraction > 1mm (#1967)

ID-number#1967
Materialwheat straw, leached fraction > 1mm
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-21
Remarksash sintering starts at 750°C, to white sintered material at 900°C
LiteratureKoukios,E.G.; Arvelakis,S.; Georgali,B.: Physico-chemical upgrading of agroresidues as solid biofuels; Proc. 4th biomass conference of the Americas, p.299-304

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 17.95
Ash content wt% 2.81 3.43
Volatile matter wt% 65.64 80.00 82.84
Fixed carbon wt% 13.60 16.57 17.16 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 39.96 48.70 50.43 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 3.63 4.42 4.58 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.24 0.29 0.30 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.00 0.00 0.00 Measured
Oxygen wt% 35.45 43.20 44.73 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.03 100.04 100.04 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.42 19.33 20.01
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.65 20.29 21.01
HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.10 17.18 17.79 Calculated