cotton stalks (#1947)

ID-number#1947
Materialcotton stalks
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ cotton ▸ cotton stalks
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-21
LiteratureS. Gaur and T.B. Reed; An Atlas of Thermal Data For Biomass and Other Fuels. NREL/TP-433-7965, June 1995

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 17.20
Volatile matter wt% 62.90 75.97
Fixed carbon wt% 19.90 24.03 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 39.47 47.67 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.07 6.12 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.25 1.51 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 Measured
Oxygen wt% 38.09 46.00 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 101.10 101.33 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.72 17.78
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.83 19.12
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.22 18.39 Calculated