bark, spruce (#1945)

ID-number#1945
Materialbark, spruce
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark ▸ bark, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [112] schors
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-20
LiteratureS. Gaur and T.B. Reed; An Atlas of Thermal Data For Biomass and Other Fuels. NREL/TP-433-7965, June 1995

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 3.80
Volatile matter wt% 69.60 72.35
Fixed carbon wt% 26.60 27.65 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 51.80 53.85 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.70 5.93 Measured
Oxygen wt% 38.60 40.12 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 99.90 99.90 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.09 19.84
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.33 21.13
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.51 21.32 Calculated