coconut shell (#1919)

ID-number#1919
Materialcoconut shell
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ coconut ▸ coconut shell
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [239] overige doppen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-02-12
LiteratureWerther,J.; Saenger,M.; Hartge,E.U.; Ogada,T.; Siagi,Z.: Combustion of agricultural residues; Prog.Energy Combust.Sci. 26, 1-27

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 4.40
Ash content wt% 2.96 3.10
Volatile matter wt% 67.40 70.50 72.76
Fixed carbon wt% 25.24 26.40 27.24 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.43 49.61 51.20 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.19 5.43 5.60 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.09 0.10 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.93 41.76 43.10 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.20 19.04 19.65 Calculated

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 0.01
P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.60
SiO2 wt% (ash) 69.30
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 6.40
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 8.80
CaO wt% (ash) 2.50
MgO wt% (ash) 1.60
Na2O wt% (ash) 4.80
K2O wt% (ash) 8.80
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.01