cattle manure, partially composted (#1883)

ID-number#1883
Materialcattle manure, partially composted
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ manure ▸ cow ▸ cattle manure, partially composted
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [300] mest ▸ [350] bewerkte mest ▸ [359] uit overige bewerkingen
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-01-05
RemarksCattle manure from 15 cm thick compacted and partially composted stack
LiteratureJ.M.Sweeten, J.Korenberg, W.A.LePori and K.Annamalai: Combustion of cattle feedlot manure for energy production. Energy in Agriculture 5 pp. 55-72 (1986).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 18.00
Ash content wt% 34.11 41.60
Volatile matter wt% 38.79 47.30 80.99
Fixed carbon wt% 9.10 11.10 19.01 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 27.02 32.95 56.42 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.02 4.90 8.39 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.57 0.69 1.18 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.64 0.78 1.34 Measured
Oxygen wt% 14.33 17.48 29.93 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.01 100.01 100.02 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 11.08 14.05 24.06
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 12.40 15.12 25.89
HHVMilne MJ/kg 12.48 15.22 26.05 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 13 202.0 16 100.0 27 568.5 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 31 300.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 5 400.0 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 227
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 249
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 266
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 283

American standard method, measured in reducing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 216
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 244
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 254
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 266

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 3.70
Cl wt% (ash) 3.60
P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.70
SiO2 wt% (ash) 59.50
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.30
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 9.80
CaO wt% (ash) 7.20
MgO wt% (ash) 2.30
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.40
K2O wt% (ash) 4.20
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.40