cattle manure, fresh (#1882)

ID-number#1882
Materialcattle manure, fresh
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ manure ▸ cow ▸ cattle manure, fresh
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [300] mest ▸ [320] rundermest
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2001-01-05
RemarksTop 2.5-3.8 cm of loose fresh manure ubove underlying 15 cm of compacted partially composted material
LiteratureJ.M.Sweeten, J.Korenberg, W.A.LePori and K.Annamalai: Combustion of cattle feedlot manure for energy production. Energy in Agriculture 5 pp. 55-72 (1986).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 13.88
Ash content wt% 13.67 15.87
Volatile matter wt% 60.52 70.27 83.53
Fixed carbon wt% 11.94 13.86 16.47 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 39.09 45.39 53.95 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.61 5.35 6.36 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.83 0.96 1.14 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.25 0.29 0.34 Measured
Oxygen wt% 26.68 30.98 36.82 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 13.61 16.19 19.25
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 14.95 17.36 20.63
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.96 18.53 22.03 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 9 989.9 11 600.0 13 788.2 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 19 500.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 2 400.0 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 243
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 266
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 288
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 366

American standard method, measured in reducing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 232
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 271
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 294
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 310

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 2.80
Cl wt% (ash) 3.80
P2O5 wt% (ash) 3.00
SiO2 wt% (ash) 53.50
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.70
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 7.80
CaO wt% (ash) 13.90
MgO wt% (ash) 3.70
Na2O wt% (ash) 2.00
K2O wt% (ash) 6.40
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.33