switchgrass (#1843)

ID-number#1843
Materialswitchgrass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ switch grass ▸ switchgrass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2000-10-24
RemarksData are average of three analyses; deviation: C: +/- 0,16; H: 0,05; O: 0,08; N: 0, ash: 0,25. Glucan= 32,0 wt%; Ames, IA, USA
LiteratureF.A.Agblevor, S.Besler-Guran, D.Montane and A.E.Wiselogel: Biomass feedstock variability and its effect on biocrude oil properties, Vol 1 (Ed. A.V.Bridgwater and D.G.B.Boocock), pp. 741-755 (2000).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 5.41

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.47 45.96 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.18 6.53 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.76 0.80 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.09 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 44.82 47.38 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.73 100.77 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.95 16.86
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.30 18.29
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.45 18.45 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Lignin wt% (dry) 11.00 Average
Protein wt% (dry) 6.90 Average
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 23.31 Calculated