switchgrass (#1842)

ID-number#1842
Materialswitchgrass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ switch grass ▸ switchgrass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2000-10-24
RemarksData are average of three analyses; deviation: C: +/- 0,11; H: 0,03; O: 0,08; N: 0,01, ash: 0,35. Glucan= 33,5 wt%; Mead, NE, USA
LiteratureF.A.Agblevor, S.Besler-Guran, D.Montane and A.E.Wiselogel: Biomass feedstock variability and its effect on biocrude oil properties, Vol 1 (Ed. A.V.Bridgwater and D.G.B.Boocock), pp. 741-755 (2000).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 6.06

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 44.08 46.92 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.13 6.53 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.91 0.97 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.12 0.13 Measured
Oxygen wt% 44.37 47.23 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 101.67 101.78 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.16 17.20
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.50 18.63
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.62 18.76 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Lignin wt% (dry) 12.10 Average
Protein wt% (dry) 6.90 Average
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 25.06 Calculated