switchgrass (#1841)

ID-number#1841
Materialswitchgrass
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ switch grass ▸ switchgrass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2000-10-24
RemarksData are average of three analyses; deviation: C: +/- 0,14; H: 0,01; O: 0,31; N: 0,03, ash: 0,15. Glucan= 33,5 wt%; West Lafayette, IN, USA
LiteratureF.A.Agblevor, S.Besler-Guran, D.Montane and A.E.Wiselogel: Biomass feedstock variability and its effect on biocrude oil properties, Vol 1 (Ed. A.V.Bridgwater and D.G.B.Boocock), pp. 741-755 (2000).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 5.42

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 44.02 46.54 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.13 6.48 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.93 0.98 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.12 0.13 Measured
Oxygen wt% 44.64 47.20 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 101.26 101.33 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.16 17.09
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.50 18.50
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.58 18.58 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Lignin wt% (dry) 13.70 Average
Protein wt% (dry) 5.30 Average
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 24.42 Calculated